Structure and operation
A deluge system consists of:
- pump station with a water tank;
- distributing pressure pipelines;
- valve station with control-alarm valves;
- distributing pipelines;
- grid of sprinklers.
The sprinklers are of open construction, so the deluge system is dry with distributing pipeline filled with air.
The deluge system is always accompanied by the fire alarm system which detects the fire at its earliest stage and activates the firefighting operation. When the fire is detected by the detection circuit, the control-alarm vale opens and water flows through the distributing pipeline to the section of sprinkler where the fire has been detected. The fire alarm is sent immediately, and the deluge system can be activated electronically, pneumatically, hydraulically or manually.
The fire is extinguished by heat absorption, cooling of the burning material and cutting off the oxygen by the steam which is generated.